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Bishkek (AKIpress) - Turkmenistan marked World No Tobacco Day on May 31. The country joined the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in 2011.
The Convention emphasizes the need for a ban on tobacco advertising that was introduced in Turkmenistan under the State Health Program. Turkmenistan’s ban on promotion of sales and sponsorship of tobacco companies have been recognized by WHO member states as exemplary for other countries.
In addition, Turkmenistan was one of the first in the CIS to begin fighting the use of tobacco products by introducing high fine in 2000 for smoking in public places.
On 25 December 2013, Turkmenistan enacted the law on protection of peoples’ health from exposure to tobacco smoke and consequences of tobacco use. The law prohibits tobacco use in parks, squares, beaches, public catering enterprises, consumer services facilities, shopping facilities, in the territories and areas of cultural and educational institutions, in the premises of public organizations, local governments, enterprises, organizations and institutions regardless of the form of their ownership.
Advertising of tobacco products in all forms and all types in the mass media and trading has been banned completely. It is also prohibited to distribute tobacco products to the public free of charge, including in the form of gifts, as well as any price discounts for cigarettes, etc.
According to the law, the Government of Turkmenistan will provide appropriate medical care for persons in need of treatment and consequences of tobacco products consumption.
World No Tobacco Day is intended to encourage a 24-hour period of abstinence from all forms of tobacco consumption across the globe. The day is further intended to draw global attention to the widespread prevalence of tobacco use and to negative health effects, which currently lead to 5.4 million deaths worldwide annually.