23:46 20-10-2014
MAIN Russian
About us On-line subscription
KazakhstanTajikistanUzbekistanKyrgyzstanTurkmenistanWorld
POLITICSBUSINESSINCIDENTSSOCIETYCULTURESPORTANALYSISSCIENCE
Uzbekistan cultivates silkworms for silk production

Bishkek (AKIpress) - silkworms Cultivating silkworms for silk production is the second largest agricultural industry controlled by the Uzbek Government after cotton, UzNews reports.

May is the time when silkworm cocoons are ready for processing. In Uzbekistan, silkworms are cultivated according to ancient traditions at home. The entire family participates in feeding the continuously growing caterpillars. Cultivating silk cocoons has been practiced in Uzbekistan for centuries with the methods of production today resembling those used in the Middle Ages.

The caretakers need to maintain a constant temperature and supply the silkworms with fresh mulberry leaves. The temperature has to be 27-28 degrees.

By continuously eating, the caterpillars grow to about 70 times their original weight by the end of May. They consume 100-200 kilograms of fresh mulberry leaves per day. After about a month they start spinning cocoons around themselves.

Silk production, as with cotton, is an odd mix of voluntary and forced labor in Uzbekistan. The state strictly controls the silk producing process. Farmers and other rural residents reportedly receive 40-50 grams of larvae packed in small boxes from the Government in late April or early May.

Rural families may deliver more than 25 thousand tons of cocoons a year to the Government. Uzbekistan is the third largest producer of silk after China and India. Uzbekistan produces 85% of the silk produced within the the CIS. Silk cocoons are a source of foreign currency for the state, with 70% of harvest being exported.

When it’s time to harvest, the collected cocoons are sorted and delivered to collection points from where they are taken to special fabric making facilities and turned into silver threads for producing satin and adras, precious silk fabric.

Uzbek traditional clothing is made of satin while adras cloth is an integral part of a bride’s dowry.


Twitterfacebookprint
16:51 30.05.2014
LATEST NEWS
17:59 Tajik law enforcement officers hunt for more than 90 people on charges of involvement in terrorism17:48 Russian Federal Council Chairperson arrives in Bishkek17:45 Court announces Electric Stations official guilty of receiving $10,000 bounty for signing agreement on power export with Kazakh firm17:31 Officials of Social Fund, State Registration Service issued new passports with changed personal information for those with criminal records17:29 Fiercest fighting in days hits Syrian border town17:20 Kazakhstan ratifies ILO Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health Convention17:18 Tajik Parliament to consider amnesty bill on October 2917:02 Kyrgyz fighters win 8 gold medals at MMA tournament in Russia16:50 Association of Miners and Geologists of Kyrgyzstan calls freezing of Centerra Gold Inc. shares 'unlawful'16:46 Banks in Kyrgyzstan meet needs in loans for 25% - Economy Minister16:45 President of Tajikistan submits amnesty bill to Parliament that will apply to 10,000 convicts16:39 SDPK leader accuses Ata Meken faction of double standards16:34 Kazakhstan allocates 100 bln tenge for small and medium business support - Baiterek16:34 Revenue part of Kyrgyzstan's budget for 2015 depends upon external factors16:24 President Atambayev speaks for resolute measures to protect Kyrgyzstan's interests in Kumtor project16:22 WHO declares Nigeria free of Ebola after six weeks of no new cases16:05 Parliamentary committee approves toughening of administrative penalties for violation of state border regime15:56 President Atambayev, Finance Minister Lavrova discuss priorities of draft budget for 201515:50 New York hosts conference on Treaty on Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia15:48 Economy Ministry proposes establishment of state-owned mortgage company with 10 million som charter capital
Astana
+12° C
Ashgabat
+15° C
Bishkek
+23° C
Dushanbe
+17° C
Tashkent
+28° C
exchange rates
 
71.01
55.33
9.04
1.35
232.77
181.50
29.64
4.43
6.38
5.00
0.82
0.12
3084.28
2367.40
385.74
61.13
3.64
2.85
0.47
0.07

© AKIpress News Agency - 2001-2014
Use of the AKIpress.com materials must be accompanied by a hyperlink to www.akipress.com
Our address:
Moskovskaya str. 189, Bishkek, the Kyrgyz Republic
e-mail: english@akipress.org, akipressenglish@gmail.com;
Tel/Fax: +996(312)90-07-75